Calvary is the name by which we know the biblical site of Golgotha, meaning "place of the skull", where Jesus was crucified. There are sound reasons for identifying this site with skull-like rock formation on the escarpment of Mount Moriah just outside the north wall of the old city of Jerusalem. It was in 1979, at a nearby point along this escarpment, that God led Ron Wyatt, after gaining permission from the local authorities, to commence an archaeological excavation.
What was discovered there is so astonishing that most will have difficulty beieving it. If this includes you, I wish to share with you a word of wisdom. First investigate Ron Wyatt's claims regarding the Red Sea crossing and Mt. Sinai. If you find the evidence for these earlier discoveries compelling, you may begin to feel a sense of awe at what God showed him at Calvary.
A full account of the excavation can be found at www.wyattmuseum.com, the official site for Wyatt's discoveries. What follows is a summary to encourage you to explore these things further.
The first discovery at the site were three large rectangular niches cut into the cliff face. These are directly above the crucifixion site described below. Wyatt's theory, which I find plausible, is that these were used by the Romans to declare, in three languages, the offences for which the prisoner was crucified. A sign has been placed in the niche on the left to test the theory.
Digging deeper, Wyatt's team discovered the foundations of a rectangular bulding. In the plan diagram at left, there is a stone altar at the top, where the building was joined to the escarpment. In front of the altar, on a rock ledge, was a hole, 12 in. square, capped with a stone, 13 in. square. In front of this hole, at a slightly lower level, were three more square holes, and a large disc-shaped stone with a diameter of 13 ft. 2 in., and a just under 2 ft thick. Roman coins were found in the building. The earliest showed Tiberius Caesar, who reigned from AD 14 to AD 37. The latest coins were from AD 135, but no later. From these, Wyatt deduced that the building was likely to have been erected in the first century, and used into the second century. The top hole, beneath the niches, and near "the place of the skull", is where Wyatt believes Jesus was crucified. If so, the building erected around it is the oldest known christian place of worship.
A photo of the top hole from the Wyatt Museum. As the lighting is directly overhead, there are no shadows. However, the hole is around 2 ft. deep, and could securely support the hewn timber upright of the cross. The gospel records that at the time of Jesus death there was an earthquake. There is evidence of this in the crack which runs across the rock floor, intersecting with this hole.
Jonathon Gray, a researcher who has examined much of Wyatt's evidence, holds the stone which capped the above hole when it was first found. Presumably its function was to keep earth and water from filling the hole.
The video "Exodus Discovered", narrated by Ron's widow, Mary Nell Wyatt, is available from Wyatt Archaeological Research, 2502 Lynnville Hwy, Cornersville, Tennessee 37047, USA.
The video "Surprising Discoveries 2," narrated by Jonathan Gray (a collegue of Wyatt), is available from Surprising Discoveries, PO Box 78510, Thames 3540 New Zealand.
Another excellent site is The Real Calvary and the Real Holy Sepulcher
Next : Excavation at
Calvary Part 2: Jesus' Tomb
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